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听歌学外语只需5步



It’s a well-known fact that music can be an effective tool for learning a foreign language. Like original-version films, song lyrics are a good source of vocabulary and expressions that you can memorize—and have fun doing so. Furthermore, listening to or humming foreign songs helps you improve your pronunciation. 众所周知,音乐是学习外语一种有效的工具。就如同原版电影一样,歌词里的丰富词汇和表达供你记忆,——并且能让你乐在其中。不仅如此,听或者哼唱外语歌曲能够改善你的发音。

  This article will give you some ideas to help you learn a language with music. Personally, I really enjoy this method of learning and hope that, after you’ve tried it, you feel the same。本文将会向你提供一些帮助你通过音乐来学习一门语言的方法。就我而言,我真的非常享受这个学习方法并且希望你在试过之后也能这么觉得。

  Learning a language while listening to music: How to get better results?在听音乐的同时学习一门语言:如何能够得得到更好的结果呢?

  When listening to a foreign-language song, we too often don’t pay enough attention to the lyrics (passive listening). Consequently, this doesn’t help us improve our level of language。当我们在听一首外语歌曲的时候,我们对于歌词常常不会太注意(被动倾听)。所以这样的听歌方式并不能提升我们的语言水平。

  A passion for music can become the key to improving your language skills (whether you’re learning English, French, Spanish, German, Arabic, etc。). I have lots of friends who learned English while strumming a guitar and humming at the same time!对于音乐的热爱能够成为提升你的语言技能的关键(无论你正在学习英语、法语、西班牙语、德语、还是阿拉伯语等等)。我有许多学习朋友一边弹着吉他、哼着小曲,一边学习英语!

  Here are 5 steps to optimizing your learning with music and enjoying yourself at the same time:以下是能够让你在享受音乐的同时优化外语学习的五个步骤:

  1. Choose a song that you like选一首你喜欢的歌曲

  You don’t have to go out of your way to find music to listen to. Instead, you should start with songs that you already listen to. Then, look up the lyrics to the songs you like。你不必花费额外的精力去寻找音乐来听,而是应该从你已经听过的歌曲开始,然后开始查阅你所喜欢的歌曲歌词。

  You could listen to your favourite foreign-language song dozens of times per day without actually paying attention to the content or the meaning of the lyrics. I think by now you’re aware that repetition is one of the most important factors to learning a foreign language。你可以每天把你最喜爱的外语歌曲在毫不注意歌词内容和意思的情况下听上几十次。写道这里,我觉得你应该已经意识到了重复做工是学习一门外语最重要的因素之一。

  2. Try to sing or hum the song without looking尽量不看歌词听歌哼曲

  If you want to improve your pronunciation, you should sing the song—trying your best to pronounce the words properly—without reading the lyrics. In fact, as soon as you try to sing the song by reading the lyrics, you’ll pick back up your bad pronunciation habits. It’s O.K. if you don’t understand the meaning of what you’re singing: The point of this step is to pronounce the words well。如果你想要完善你的发音,你应该唱出这首歌曲——竭尽所能去正确地发出每个单词的读音,而不是读歌词。实际上,一旦你念着歌词唱歌,就等于在重拾你那糟糕的发音习惯。即使你不明白你所唱的歌词内容也无所谓:这一步骤的关键是正确的发音。

  A user pointed out to me in a comment that an extra step could be to try to write down the lyrics while you’re listening to the song. This is a great exercise and should fit into this process as Step 2B! (However, this step likely requires you to have reached an intermediate level of language。)一个用过这种方法的人在评论里告诉我,必须要再加一个步骤——那就是在你听歌的同时写下歌词。这的确是一种很棒的练习方法,可以作为步骤2.5!(然而,这个步骤可能需要你的语言水平已达到中等。)

  3. Look up the lyrics查阅歌词

  Next, you can look up the lyrics on the Internet. To do this, google “lyrics Name of Song” (or letras = “lyrics” in Spanish, or paroles in French). If you need a translation, search “translation lyrics Name of Song” to find what you’re looking for in just a few clicks。接下来你就可以在网上查阅歌词了。用谷歌中搜索“lyrics(歌词) 曲名”(西班牙语的歌词输“letras”,法语歌词输“paroles”)。如果需要歌词的译文,可以搜索“translation lyrics(歌词翻译) 曲名”,这样轻点鼠标,即得所需。

4. Listen to the song while reading the lyrics边听歌边看歌词

  When you actually listen to the music with the lyrics, you’ll be surprised at how many words and phrases you already knew, but just hadn’t realized until now. (It’s not always easy to understand the lyrics of a foreign-language song on your own。)当你看着歌词听音乐的时候,你会惊讶地发现你已经知道那么多单词和词组,只是你还没有意识到罢了。(靠自己来理解一首歌的歌词往往并不容易。)

  Focus on the phrases that you find most interesting, or perhaps just the refrain. Even if you only know the refrains of your favourite songs, that’s enough for you to learn hundreds of foreign-language words and phrases. Here are some examples:把注意力放在你认为最有趣的词组上,或者仅仅是副歌部分也可以。即使你只知道你最爱的那些歌曲的副歌部分,那也足够让你学到上百个外语单词和词组了。

5. Listen to the song again and sing along反复听歌并跟唱

  Now that you know the words and have grasped the general meaning of the song, you can continue to listen to the song while singing along. Once you’re fixed on your favourite song, you’ll certainly want to sing it while driving or taking a shower, for example. (Personally, these are the only places where I do my catastrophic performances :-)) Before you know it, you’ll have memorized the song!既然现在你已经认识了这些单词,且能把握这首歌曲的大意,你可以继续听且跟着唱了。一旦你专注于你最爱的那首歌时,你肯定会不由自主地在开车、洗澡或者其他时候唱出来。(就我个人而言,这也是我开始自己“毁灭性表演”的场所)在你还没意识到的时候,自己已经牢牢记住了这首歌哦!

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